Smart farm uses automatic watering system to maximize the benefit of the limited natural water resources. For irrigation, the system will measure the water requirement with soil moisture sensors. The amount of water needed for farming is the water requirement specific to each plant. The soil moisture settings are divided into 3 levels as 60%, 75% and 90% for plants with low, medium and high water requirements, respectively.
The Smart Farm also uses solar water pumping system to pump water from natural resources and is powered by DC smart grid instead of diesel generator. When renewable energy is used to pump water, this Smart Farm will be considered as low carbon agriculture from the reduction of carbon emissions.
In the future, adiCET has planned to develop smart farm as follows:
Vegetable Garden consists of soil moisture sensor system in agricultural field, water control system, and data collection to server through using solar power.
Weather Station provides weather information through light, relative humidity, and temperature sensors and automatically collects to server.
Server is the database of vegetable garden and weather station. It provides information for smart farm application to analysis.
Monitoring and Control can display smart farm information included agricultural product, environment analysis for agriculture and system status and command the systems via application.